PILGRIMAGE TO MADINAH AND ITS EXCELLENCE:-
Prophet Muhammad (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) said: “One who visited my tomb is sure to get my intercession (Shafat)” “One who came only to visit my tomb and paid his homage is entitled to seek my Shafat (intercession)” “One who performed Hajj and then came to my tomb is like one who had the privilage to visit me in my lifetime” “One who visited my tomb with intention that he will be in my protection on the day of resurrection and settled down in Madina; I will be his witness and he will be in my intercession” (Shafat) “All the Prophets are alive in their graves and offer prayer”
3. NOT COMING AT THE TOMB OF PROPHET (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM):-
The Holy Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) said:
“One who came to perform Hajj but failed to visit my tomb, he did injustice to me”
8. THE HOLY PLACES TO BE VISITED IN MADINAH:-
An important and noble part of this exalted journey of Hajj is to visit Madina the city of Holy Prophet and pay one’s respect, homage and greetings to the Holy Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM). Besides the Prophet’s Masjid, there are many more places in Madina and Mak`kah having deep associations with Prophet and early days of Islam the purpose of visiting these holy places is not tourism or any enjoyment but to recall some historical facts about Islam and spiritual guidance. Generations of Muslim faithful have flocked to Prophet’s tomb and to implore ALLAH to bless and to reward him according to his merits. A believer should firm his belief to fulfil all the obligatory deeds expected from him since in their fulfilment lies his success in this life and hereafter Remember, complete submission and obedience to Allah and His Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) is absolutely essential and a pre-requisite of faith.
Baqee is the cemetery of Madina. Here lies, for the eternal rest, the third Caliph Usman (Radi allahu taala unhu) the wives of the Holy Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) the mothers of many believers including Aisha (Radi allahu taala unha) the daughter Abu Bakar Siddiq (Radi allahu taala unhu), Hafsa the daughter of Hazrat Umar (Radi allahu taala unhu), the Prophet’s uncle Hazrat Abbas, Ibrahim and Rukayya the son and daughter of the Prophet, the grandson of the Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) Hasan Ibn-e-Ali, the Imam Malik Ibn-e-Anas the founder of Maliki school and a host of companions of the Prophet.
The visitor is always struck by the extreme simplicity of this graveyard of Baqee. The tombs of so many heroes of Islam are marked only by small stones.
The mount of Uhad, which was described by the Prophet as one of the mounts of Paradise is, situated about 5 KM North of Madina. It was at the foot of this hill that the famous battle of Uhad between the infidels and the Muslims was fought that bears the name of Uhad.
The Masjid of Quba also known as Masjid-e-Taqwa (The Masjid of Piety) is the first Masjid of Islam, outside Makkah, put up by the Prophet himself. It was at this spot that the Prophet entered Madina during the migration from Mak`kah. It was also in this Masjid that prophet received the following divine revelation: -
“There is a Masjid whose base was founded from the very first day upon piety; it is worthier for those who came to rise (pray) within its boundaries. Within it are men who yarn to be purified and God loves those who purify themselves (Al-Tawba 9:108)
Prayer in this Masjid is looked upon as a Tradition and is worth an Umrah. The Prophet was in the habit of going there from time to time. It is preferable to visit this Masjid on Saturday for prayer.
This Masjid falls in way to Quba Masjid from Madina. Prophet Muhammad (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) offered his first Juma prayer in this Masjid after migration from Mak`kah.
This Masjid is situated on South-West of Manakha. The Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) used to offer Eid prayers in this Masjid.
The Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) offered the prayer in this Masjid and prayed for the welfare and prosperity of the people of Madina on his way to the battle of Uhad.
This Masjid is situated on the Western edge of mount Sala. During the battle of Ahzab, a large number of infidels attacked Madina and trenches were dug. The Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) prayed to God here for three days i.e. Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The prayer was granted and accepted by God and Muslims came out victorious.
This Masjid falls in the way to Uhad. During the battle of Trenches (Khandaq), the Prophet’s tent was erected at this place and he offered the prayer here.
This Masjid is built on the top of a hillock in the valley of Aqeeq. The change of direction of prayer from Bait-ul-Muqdis to Mak`kah was revealed in this Masjid.
Fazih is a kind of wine extracted from Dates. It was at this place that Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) and his companions sorrounded the Bani Nusair Tribe of Jews. Hazrat Abu Ayub Ansari with some people was busy in drinking when the revelation banning the wine from Islamic polity was received. The Prophet ordered to break all the wine containers. He also offered prayers here during the siege.
This Masjid is at a short distance from Al-Fazih Masjid. Prophet stayed here during the siege of Bani Qarizah tribe of Jews.
This Masjid is on the eastern side of Jannat-ul-Baqee. Close to the Masjid is the deep foot impression of Prophet’s mule. This Masjid is also known as Masjid-Al-Baghlatah.
Here too the Prophet stayed for some time and offered the prayers.
The Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) offered two units of optional prayer here with prostration of exceptionally long duration.
This Masjid is adjacent to Jannat-ul-Baqee. It was actually the residence of Hazrat Abi-Bin Ka`ab. The Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) used to come here frequently and offer prayer.
The Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) offered prayer here too. There is a cave adjacent to this Masjid where some portion of the Holy Quran was revealed upon the Prophet. During the battle of trenches (Khandaq) the Prophet rested here for eleven nights.
This Masjid is situated towards the north of Bani Qariza. This is also the birthplace of Prophet’s son Ibrahim out of Prophet’s wed lock with Hazrat Maria Qibtiyah. The Prophet (SALLAU ALAIHE WASALLAM) offered the prayers in this Masjid too.